This vase was made by the potter Miyagawa (Makuzu) Kōzan (1842-1916). Although Kōzan also produced ceramic works using earthenware and stoneware, this vase is an example of his works in porcelain, for which he is most famous. New underglaze colours, such as pink and green, that could withstand a high firing temperature, were developed around the time that this vase was made. Kōzan was one of the first to exploit the full range of these new possibilities for decoration.
Impey, Oliver, and Joyce Seaman, Japanese Decorative Arts of the Meiji Period 1868-1912, Ashmolean Handbooks (Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 2005), no. 9 on p. 22, p. 8, illus. pp. 22-23
Impey, Oliver, ‘Reflections upon the Arts and Crafts of Meiji Period Japan with Reference to the Collection of the Ashmolean Museum’, Oriental Art, 42/3, (Autumn 1996), p. 12, illus. p. 13 fig. 6
earthenware, porcelain, slip, stoneware
Ceramic material made of clay which is fired to a temperature of c.1000-1200⁰c. The resulting ceramic is non-vitreous and varies in colour from dark red to yellow.
Ceramic material composed of kaolin, quartz, and feldspar which is fired to a temperature of c.1350-1400⁰c. The resulting ceramic is vitreous, translucent, and white in colour.
A semi-fluid clay applied to a ceramic before glazing either to coat the surface or for decorative effect.
Ceramic material made of clay which is fired to a temperature of c.1200-1300⁰c and is often buff or grey in colour.
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